There are more chickens in the world than any other bird. In fact, more than 50 billion chickens are reared annually as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs. Chickens farmed for meat are called broiler chickens, whilst those farmed for eggs are called egg-laying hens. Laying hens have been bred for egg laying. The 346 million chickens used each year for their eggs, called “laying hens” by the industry, endure a nightmare that lasts for two years. Modern commercial hens produce a very high yield of around 300 eggs a year. Chickens will naturally live for 6 or more years but after 12 months of laying, the hen’s productivity will start to decline. They are taken from breeding farms at 18 to 20 weeks old.
Lying Hens System:
- Free-range poultry farming allows chickens to roam freely for a period of the day, although they are usually confined in sheds at night to protect them from predators or kept indoors if the weather is particularly bad.
- The barren battery cage: measure roughly 45.72 cm by 50.08 cm and hold five to 11 hens, each of whom has a wingspan of 81 cm. These cage eggs come from hens kept in small cages where their natural behaviors cannot be expressed.
- Enriched cages: Enriched cages provide more space than battery cages and can allow hens to express more of their natural behaviors, such as perching, dust-bathing, and nesting, they are still very restrictive.
- Providing fresh egg for costumers.
- Improve public health by prevention of spoiled egg import.
- Enhance the capacity of egg consumption among people.
- Income and employment opportunities for the people.
- Return of investment within a very short period.
- Supply the high quality eggs according market demand